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J Neurochem. 1990 Apr;54(4):1412-8.

Effect of peroxide, sodium, and calcium on brain mitochondrial respiration in vitro: potential role in cerebral ischemia and reperfusion.

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Department of Surgery, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland 97201.


Mitochondrial pyruvate-supported respiration was studied in vitro under conditions known to exist following ischemia, i.e., elevated extramitochondrial Ca2+, Na+, and peroxide. Ca2+ alone (7-10 nmol/mg) decreased state 3 and increased state 4 respiration to 81 and 141% of control values, respectively. Sodium (15 mM) and/or tert-butyl hydroperoxide (tBOOH; up to 2,000 nmol/mg protein) alone had no effect on respiration; however, Na+ or tBOOH in combination with Ca2+ dramatically altered respiration. Respiratory inhibition induced by Ca2+ and tBOOH does not involve pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) inhibition since PDH flux increased linearly with tBOOH concentration (R = 0.96). Calcium potentiated tBOOH-induced mitochondrial NAD(P)H oxidation and shifted the redox state of cytochrome b from 67 to 47% reduced. Calcium (5.5 nmol/mg) plus Na+ (15 mM) decreased state 3 and increased state 4 respiratory rates to 55 and 202% of control values, respectively. Sodium- as well as tBOOH-induced state 3 inhibition required mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake because ruthenium red addition before Ca2+ addition negated the effect. The increase in state 4 respiration involved Ca2+ cycling since ruthenium red immediately returned state 4 rates back to control values. The mechanisms for the observed Ca2(+)-, Na(+)-, and tBOOH-induced alterations in pyruvate-supported respiration in vitro are discussed and a multifactorial etiology for mitochondrial respiratory dysfunction following cerebral ischemia in vivo is proposed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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