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Audiol Neurootol. 2013;18(1):63-70. doi: 10.1159/000342686. Epub 2012 Oct 31.

Does 'cochlear Ménière's disease' exist? An electrocochleographic and audiometric study.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, University of Antwerp, STATUA (University of Antwerp Center of Statistics), Antwerp, Belgium. gerdclaes@telenet.be

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

According to current diagnostic criteria, patients exhibiting only cochlear symptoms without vertigo cannot be diagnosed with Ménière's disease (MD). The recently reported Ménière's Disease Index (MDI) combines audiometric and electrocochleographic parameters in a multidimensional measure correlating with the clinical degrees of MD.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Twenty-one patients with hearing loss, tinnitus and aural fullness, but without vertigo, underwent transtympanic electrocochleography. Based on the previously reported formula, the MDI value for every patient was calculated.

RESULTS:

Mean MDI value was 5.7 on a scale from 0 (mean value of non-MD patients) to 10 (mean value of definite MD patients).

CONCLUSIONS:

We can thus hypothesize that, based on audiometry and electrocochleography, 'cochlear MD' patients may represent a separate clinical entity with Ménière-like pathophysiology or underlying endolymphatic hydrops.

PMID:
23128402
DOI:
10.1159/000342686
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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