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Dalton Trans. 2013 Feb 7;42(5):1483-91. doi: 10.1039/c2dt31878d. Epub 2012 Nov 2.

Infrared spectra, Raman spectra, microwave dielectric properties and simulation for effective permittivity of temperature stable ceramics AMoO4-TiO2 (A = Ca, Sr).

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Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education and International Center for Dielectric Research, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, China.


In this work, temperature stable microwave dielectric materials (1 - x)AMoO(4)-xTiO(2) (A = Ca, Sr) were prepared by a solid state reaction method. The phase composition, sintering behaviors, microstructures, microwave dielectric properties, effective permittivity and vibrational phonon modes were investigated. The X-ray diffraction pattern and scanning electron microscope analysis indicated that the AMoO(4) (A = Ca, Sr) phase could coexist with the TiO(2) phase. The effective dielectric constants of the AMoO(4)-TiO(2) composites were calculated by the finite element method (FEM), compared with the measured values and the numerical results obtained by the classical mixing rules. The correlation between the dielectric properties and the crystal structures were studied using IR and Raman spectroscopy. The infrared spectra were analyzed using the classical harmonic oscillator model, and revealed that the external vibration modes of AMoO(4) (A = Ca, Sr) had the most significant influence on the dielectric constant. The Raman spectra showed that there were strong interactions in the [MoO(4)] tetrahedron due to the sharp and intense Raman modes. Finally, the low-firing (900 °C) microwave dielectric ceramics were obtained with 3 wt% H(3)BO(3)-CuO addition (BCu), and they possess good microwave dielectric properties with ε(r) = 10.6-13, high Q×f values (40 700-72 050 GHz), and near-zero temperature coefficients of resonant frequency (TCF or τ(f) values). These results also show that (1 - x)AMoO(4)-xTiO(2)-BCu (A = Ca, Sr) ceramics are good candidates for microwave electronic device applications.


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