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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2013 Apr;94(4):622-9. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2012.09.033. Epub 2012 Nov 1.

Does postacute care site matter? A longitudinal study assessing functional recovery after a stroke.

Author information

1
National Institutes of Health, Mark O. Hatfield Clinical Research Center, Rehabilitation Medicine Department, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. chanle@cc.nih.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the impact of postacute care site on stroke outcomes.

DESIGN:

Prospective cohort study.

SETTING:

Four northern California hospitals that are part of a single health maintenance organization.

PARTICIPANTS:

Patients with stroke (N=222) enrolled between February 2008 and July 2010.

INTERVENTION:

Not applicable.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Baseline and 6-month assessments were performed using the Activity Measure for Post Acute Care (AM-PAC), a test of self-reported function in 3 domains: Basic Mobility, Daily Activities, and Applied Cognition.

RESULTS:

Of the 222 patients analyzed, 36% went home with no treatment, 22% received home health/outpatient care, 30% included an inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF) in their care trajectory, and 13% included a skilled nursing facility (but not IRF) in their care trajectory. At 6 months, after controlling for important variables such as age, functional status at acute care discharge, and total hours of rehabilitation, patients who went to an IRF had functional scores that were at least 8 points higher (twice the minimally detectable change for the AM-PAC) than those who went to a skilled nursing facility in all 3 domains and in 2 of 3 functional domains compared with those who received home health/outpatient care.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with stroke may make more functional gains if their postacute care includes an IRF. This finding may have important implications as postacute care delivery is reshaped through health care reform.

PMID:
23124133
PMCID:
PMC3584186
DOI:
10.1016/j.apmr.2012.09.033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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