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Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Apr 1;129(1-2):151-7. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.10.005. Epub 2012 Oct 31.

Emerging adults' treatment outcomes in relation to 12-step mutual-help attendance and active involvement.

Author information

1
Center for Addiction Medicine, Departments of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States. jkelly11@partners.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Participation in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA) during and following treatment has been found to confer recovery-related benefit among adults and adolescents, but little is known about emerging adults (18-24 years). This transitional life-stage is distinctive for greater distress, higher density of psychopathology, and poorer treatment and continuing care compliance. Greater knowledge would inform the utility of treatment referrals to 12-step organizations for this age-group.

METHODS:

Emerging adults (N=303; 18-24 years; 26% female; 95% White; 51% comorbid [SCID-derived] axis I disorders) enrolled in a naturalistic study of residential treatment effectiveness assessed at intake, 3, 6, and 12 months on 12-step attendance and involvement and treatment outcomes (percent days abstinent [PDA]; percent days heavy drinking [PDHD]). Lagged hierarchical linear models (HLMs) tested whether attendance and involvement conferred recovery benefits, controlling for a variety of confounds.

RESULTS:

The percentage attending 12-step meetings prior to treatment (36%) rose sharply at 3 months (89%), was maintained at 6 months (82%), but declined at 12 months (76%). Average attendance peaked at about 3 times per week at 3 months dropping to just over once per week at 12 months. Initially high, but similarly diminishing, levels of active 12-step involvement were also observed. Lagged HLMs found beneficial effects for attendance, but stronger effects, which increased over time, for active involvement. Several active 12-step involvement indices were associated individually with outcome benefits.

CONCLUSIONS:

Ubiquitous 12-step organizations may provide a supportive recovery context for this high-risk population at a developmental stage where non-using/sober peers are at a premium.

PMID:
23122600
PMCID:
PMC3566342
DOI:
10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.10.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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