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Exp Clin Transplant. 2013 Aug;11(4):310-4. doi: 10.6002/ect.2012.0103. Epub 2012 Nov 1.

Efficacy and safety of thymoglobulin and basiliximab in kidney transplant patients at high risk for acute rejection and delayed graft function.

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1
Organ Transplant Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To compare the efficacy and safety of thymoglobulin compared with basiliximab in patients who had kidney transplants and are at high risk for acute rejection and delayed graft function.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A retrospective review of patients who had 1 or more risk factors for acute rejection and delayed graft function and who were given either thymoglobulin or basiliximab for induction therapy. Incidences of acute rejection, antibody-treated acute rejection, delayed graft function, chronic rejection, cancer, infection, leucopenia, and thrombocytopenia were compared between thymoglobulin and basiliximab groups. Serum creatinine levels within 1 year and long-term graft and patient survival also were compared.

RESULTS:

A total of 327 patients were included. Incidences of acute rejection, antibody-treated acute rejection, delayed graft function, and chronic rejection were significantly lower in the thymoglobulin group than in the basiliximab group (P < .05). Serum creatinine levels were lower in the thymoglobulin group on postoperative days 7, 14, and 30 (P < .05). There were no statistically significant differences regarding long-term graft and patient survival, cancer, or total infection rate between the groups. Incidences of Cytomegalovirus infection, leucopenia, and thrombocytopenia were significantly higher in the thymoglobulin group (P < .05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Thymoglobulin may improve short-term outcomes, compared with basiliximab, in patients who had kidney transplants and are at high risk for acute rejection and delayed graft function. However, long-term outcomes are similar with thymoglobulin and basiliximab.

PMID:
23121641
DOI:
10.6002/ect.2012.0103
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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