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Scand J Psychol. 2013 Feb;54(1):20-5. doi: 10.1111/sjop.12001. Epub 2012 Nov 2.

15-month-olds' transfer of learning between touch screen and real-world displays: language cues and cognitive loads.

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1
Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057, USA.

Abstract

Infants have difficulty transferring information between 2D and 3D sources. The current study extends Zack, Barr, Gerhardstein, Dickerson & Meltzoff's (2009) touch screen imitation task to examine whether the addition of specific language cues significantly facilitates 15-month-olds' transfer of learning between touch screens and real-world 3D objects. The addition of two kinds of linguistic cues (object label plus verb or nonsense name) did not elevate action imitation significantly above levels observed when such language cues were not used. Language cues hindered infants' performance in the 3D→2D direction of transfer, but only for the object label plus verb condition. The lack of a facilitative effect of language is discussed in terms of competing cognitive loads imposed by conjointly transferring information across dimensions and processing linguistic cues in an action imitation task at this age.

PMID:
23121508
PMCID:
PMC3547135
DOI:
10.1111/sjop.12001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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