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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2013 Jan;37(1):114-21. doi: 10.1111/apt.12119. Epub 2012 Nov 5.

The natural history of eosinophilic oesophagitis in the transition from childhood to adulthood.

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1
Division of Gastroenterology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting both children and adults. Little is known about the natural history of EoE in the transition from childhood into adulthood.

AIM:

To determine the prevalence of EoE symptoms and impact of EoE on quality of life among adults diagnosed with EoE during childhood.

METHODS:

This is a cross-sectional study of EoE patients from the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia EoE registry. Patients ≥18 years diagnosed with EoE during childhood were administered validated dysphagia [Mayo Dysphagia Questionnaire (MDQ)-30] and Quality of Life (PAGI-QOL) questionnaires. Ongoing EoE treatments were ascertained.

RESULTS:

A total of 140 EoE patients ≥18 years were identified; 53 completed all questions. Only 6 (11%) subjects had positive (n = 2) or indeterminate (n = 4) dysphagia scores. However, of 47 patients with negative scores, 18 (37%) reported ongoing difficulty swallowing. The mean PAGI-QOL score was 4.58/5. The dietary dimension score was 3.73/5. Current pharmacological EoE treatments were topical steroids (3/53) and interleukin-5 antagonists (3/53). Additionally, 26/53 (49%) were on PPI therapy and 40/53 (76%) were following allergy directed diets.

CONCLUSIONS:

The majority of young adults diagnosed with EoE during childhood continue to require pharmacological treatment and/or dietary modification for EoE. A substantial proportion of this population experiences ongoing swallowing difficulties that a standard dysphagia questionnaire fails to capture. Dietary quality of life, but not total quality of life, appears to be adversely affected. These data suggest that EoE diagnosed during childhood remains a significant medical issue during early adulthood, and that better EoE symptom measurement instruments are needed.

PMID:
23121227
DOI:
10.1111/apt.12119
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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