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J Emerg Med. 2013 Mar;44(3):676-81. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2012.08.031. Epub 2012 Oct 30.

Emergency Medicine resident anesthesia training in a private vs. academic setting.

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Department of Surgery, Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.



Airway management is an essential part of any Emergency Medicine (EM) training program. Academic centers typically provide training to many learners at various training levels in a number of medical specialties during anesthesiology rotations. This potentially creates competition for intubation procedures that may negatively impact individual experiences.


We hypothesized that residents would report higher numbers of intubations and improved educational value in a private practice, rather than an academic, anesthesiology rotation.


EM residents' anesthesiology training was evaluated pre and post a change in training setting from an academic institution to a private practice institution. Outcome measures included the number of self-reported intubations, resident ratings of the rotation, and the number of positive comments. Residents' evaluation was measured with: a 14-item evaluation; subjective comments, which two blinded reviewers rated as positive, negative, or neutral; and transcripts from structured interviews to identify themes related to training settings.


The number of intubations increased significantly in the private practice setting (4.6 intubations/day vs. 1.5 intubations/day, p < 0.001). Resident evaluations improved significantly with the private practice experience (mean scores of 3.83 vs. 2.23, p-values <0.05). Residents' impressions were also significantly higher for the private practice setting with respect to increased educational value, greater use of adjunct airway devices, and directed teaching.


Number of intubations performed and residents' rating of the educational value were more favorable for a private practice anesthesiology rotation. Alternative settings may provide benefit for training in areas that have competition among trainees.

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