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Sleep. 2012 Nov 1;35(11):1503-10. doi: 10.5665/sleep.2198.

Short sleep duration, glucose dysregulation and hormonal regulation of appetite in men and women.

Author information

1
New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center, St. Luke's/Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY, USA. ms2554@columbia.edu

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

To determine the hormonal effects of reducing sleep duration under controlled feeding conditions.

DESIGN:

Randomized, crossover study.

SETTING:

Inpatient.

PARTICIPANTS:

Twenty-seven normal weight, 30- to 45-yr-old men and women habitually sleeping 7-9 hr/night.

INTERVENTION:

PARTICIPANTS WERE STUDIED UNDER TWO SLEEP CONDITIONS: short (4 hr in bed) or habitual (9 hr in bed) sleep. A controlled diet was provided for each 4-day study period.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:

Fasting blood samples were obtained daily and frequent blood samples were obtained throughout day 4. The main outcomes measures included glucose, insulin, leptin, ghrelin, adiponectin, total glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY(3-36) (PYY(3-36)) concentrations. Body weights were reduced by 2.2 ± 0.4 lb and 1.7 ± 0.4 lb during the habitual and short sleep phases, respectively (both P < 0.0001). There was no effect of sleep duration on glucose, insulin, and leptin profiles (all P > 0.05). Ghrelin and GLP-1 responses differed by sex. Short sleep increased fasting (P = 0.054) and morning (08:00-12:00) (P = 0.042) total ghrelin in men but not women. The reverse was observed for GLP-1: afternoon levels (12:30-19:00) were lower (P = 0.016) after short sleep compared with habitual sleep in women but not men.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data suggest that, in the context of negative energy balance, short sleep does not lead to a state of increased insulin resistance, but may predispose to overeating via separate mechanisms in men and women.

CLINICAL TRIAL INFORMATION:

Trial registration on http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. #NCT00935402.

KEYWORDS:

Ghrelin; hormonal regulation; leptin; sleep

PMID:
23115399
PMCID:
PMC3466797
DOI:
10.5665/sleep.2198
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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