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J Occup Environ Med. 2012 Dec;54(12):1481-90. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182636e49.

Prevalence of chronic bronchitis in farm and nonfarm rural residents in Saskatchewan.

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1
Canadian Centre for Health and Safety in Agriculture, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada. pup165@mail.usask.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the prevalence of chronic bronchitis (CB) and associated risk factors in farm and nonfarm rural residents in Saskatchewan, Canada.

METHODS:

The questionnaire collected information about health, contextual, and individual factors from 8261 farm and nonfarm adult residents (18 years and older).

RESULTS:

The prevalence of CB was 5.3% among farm residents and 6.4% among nonfarm residents. We found a greater prevalence of CB associated with household income adequacy, increasing age, allergies, history of lung disease in a parent, exposure to stubble smoke, obesity, prenatal exposure to smoking, and female sex. Smoking interacted with occupational exposure to wood dust and solvents, and allergic reaction to molds.

CONCLUSION:

The results suggest that increasing household income and reducing smoking could be primary, modifiable determinants of CB prevalence.

PMID:
23114384
DOI:
10.1097/JOM.0b013e3182636e49
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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