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Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2012 Jan;16(1):9-13. doi: 10.4103/0019-5278.99681.

Serum total immunoglobin-E and health hazards in workers involved in land fill and compost areas of hazardous waste management plants.

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Department of Occupational Health & Biochemistry, Regional Occupational Health Centre (Southern), Nirmal Bhavan, ICMR Complex, Devanhalli, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.



The exposures of bio-aerosols have reported higher occupational health hazards, the association between serum total IgE levels and job categories and occupational health hazards of waste disposal area was limited. The present study was undertaken to assess the relationship between occupational health hazards and Serum total IgE in waste disposal area.


One hundred eighty subjects working in waste disposal areas in different parts of Bangalore at Karnataka, India were enrolled into the study in 2009. Using questionnaire the respiratory morbidity and other work related problems in HWW was carried. The levels of serum total IgE in study subjects were determined by using Enzyme-linked -immunosorbent assay kits (DRG International Inc, USA). The differences of serum total IgE levels between the groups were computed by using non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test. SPSS 10.0 for windows version of statistical software was used in the analysis.


The levels of serum total IgE was significantly increased in landfill area (P=0.027) compose plant workers (P=0.020). The morbidity conditions such as respiratory and musculoskeletal found significantly higher in waste disposal workers as compared to controls.


The levels of serum total IgE was significantly increased in land fill area and compose plant workers but no significant relationship was found between the levels of serum total IgE and occurrence of health related symptoms or past respiratory disease.


Morbidity; serum total IgE; waste disposal sites

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