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J Child Neurol. 2013 Dec;28(12):1637-45. doi: 10.1177/0883073812463068. Epub 2012 Oct 30.

Systemic inflammation, intraventricular hemorrhage, and white matter injury.

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1Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.


To see if the systemic inflammation profile of 123 infants born before the 28th week of gestation who had intraventricular hemorrhage without white matter injury differed from that of 68 peers who had both lesions, we compared both groups to 677 peers who had neither. Cranial ultrasound scans were read independently by multiple readers until concordance. The concentrations of 25 proteins were measured with multiplex arrays using an electrochemiluminescence system. Infants who had both hemorrhage and white matter injury were more likely than others to have elevated concentrations of C-reactive protein and interleukin 8 on days 1, 7, and 14, and elevated concentrations of serum amyloid A and tumor necrosis factor-α on 2 of these days. Intraventricular hemorrhage should probably be viewed as 2 entities: hemorrhage alone and hemorrhage with white matter injury. Each entity is associated with inflammation, but the combination has a stronger inflammatory signal than hemorrhage alone.


acute; brain injuries; hemorrhage; inflammation; premature; white matter

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