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Nanotechnology. 2012 Nov 30;23(47):475602. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/23/47/475602. Epub 2012 Oct 30.

Correlation between (in)commensurate domains of multilayer epitaxial graphene grown on SiC(0001) and single layer electronic behavior.

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  • 1Departamento de FĂ­sica, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.


A systematic study of the evolution of the electronic behavior and atomic structure of multilayer epitaxial graphene (MEG) as a function of growth time was performed. MEG was obtained by sublimation of a 4H-SiC(0001(-)) substrate in an argon atmosphere. Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction were carried out in samples grown for different times. For 30 min of growth the sample Raman signal is similar to that of graphite, while for 60 min the spectrum becomes equivalent to that of exfoliated graphene. Conventional x-ray diffraction reveals that all the samples have two different (0001) lattice spacings. Grazing incidence x-ray diffraction shows that thin films are composed of rotated (commensurate) structures formed by adjacent graphene layers. Thick films are almost completely disordered. This result can be directly correlated to the single layer electronic behavior of the films as observed by Raman spectroscopy. Finally, to understand the change in lattice spacings as a result of layer rotation, we have carried out first principles calculations (using density functional theory) of the observed commensurate structures.

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