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Knee. 2013 Dec;20(6):461-5. doi: 10.1016/j.knee.2012.09.017. Epub 2012 Oct 27.

Does body mass index affect the outcome of unicompartmental knee replacement?

Author information

1
The Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Headington, Oxford, UK; The Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Headington, Oxford, UK. Electronic address: david.murray@ndorms.ox.ac.uk.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Obesity is considered to be a contraindication for unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR). The aim was to study the impact of BMI on failure rate and clinical outcome of the Oxford mobile bearing UKR.

METHOD:

Two thousand four hundred and thirty-eight medial Oxford UKRs were studied prospectively and divided into groups: BMI<25 (n=378), BMI 25 to <30 (n=856), BMI 30 to <35 (n=712), BMI 35 to <40 (n=286), and BMI 40 to <45 (n=126) and BMI≥45 (n=80).

RESULTS:

There was no significant difference in survival rate between groups. At a mean follow-up of 5years (range 1-12years) there was no significant difference in the Objective American Knee Society Score between groups. There was a significant (p<0.01) trend with the Oxford Knee Score (OKS) and Functional American Knee Society Scores decreasing with increasing BMI. As there was an opposite trend (p<0.01) in pre-operative OKS, the change in OKS increased with increasing BMI (p=0.048). The mean age at surgery was significantly (p<0.01) lower in patients with higher BMI.

CONCLUSIONS:

Increasing BMI was not associated with an increasing failure rate. It was also not associated with a decreasing benefit from the operation. Therefore, a high BMI should not be considered a contra-indication to mobile bearing UKR.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

IV.

KEYWORDS:

Obesity; Outcomes; Unicompartmental knee replacement

PMID:
23110877
DOI:
10.1016/j.knee.2012.09.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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