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New Microbiol. 2012 Oct;35(4):495-501. Epub 2012 Oct 1.

Lactococcus garvieae endocarditis in a patient with colonic diverticulosis: first case report in Italy and review of the literature.

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Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.


Lactococcus garvieae is a human opportunistic pathogen with low virulence, but it is a well-known pathogen in aquaculture. A total of 21 human infections have been reported in the literature, mostly endocarditis. Automated methods can wrongly identify this microorganism as Enterococcus spp with a non-standard phenotype, leading to an underestimation of the incidence of this infection. The route of infection could be the ingestion of raw fish, grilled fish or fresh dairy products. We describe the first case of L. garvieae mitral valve endocarditis in Italy, in a patient with mitral valve repair with autologous pericardium, mechanic prosthetic aortic valve and colonic diverticulosis.

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