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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1990 Feb 19;1051(2):115-22.

Loading of quin2 into the oat protoplast and measurement of cytosolic calcium ion concentration changes by phytochrome action.

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Department of Biochemistry, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.


The loading of quin2 into oat protoplasts was carried out in an incubation medium (0.6 M sorbitol, 1 mM CaCl2, 5 mM Mes, 5 mM Tris, 0.05% BSA, 1 mM KCl, 1 mM MgSO4 (pH 6.8)), in which we found the best viability of the protoplast and the highest membrane permeability of quin2/AM, compared with the results obtained from any other incubation medium we had tried to use. 50 microns of quin2/AM was added in the suspension medium containing 5 x 10(5)/ml of oat protoplasts, and incubation at 4 degrees C was performed for 24 h. From atomic absorption data, we confirmed that quin2 loading was 1.78 mmol per liter of cells. Red-light (660 nm) irradiation for 5 min caused an increase of the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration from 30 to 193 nM. On the other hand, a subsequent irradiation with far-red light (730 nm) for 5 min decreased it by about 48 nM. Even when the extracellular Ca2+ was completely chelated with 1 mM EDTA, red light increased the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration by about 51 nM and far-red light decreased it to 3 nM. These results imply that the Pfr form of phytochrome functions not only in the process of influx of Ca2+, but also in the mobilization process of Ca2+ from the intracellular Ca2+ pools. The fact that the Pr form of phytochrome lowers the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration is also presented in this report.

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