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J Dig Dis. 2012 Nov;13(11):571-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-2980.2012.00634.x.

Hematopoietic stem cell mobilization into the peripheral circulation in patients with chronic liver diseases.

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1
Department of Electron Microscopy, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Giza, Egypt.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The present study was aimed to investigate and compare the kinetics of bone marrow-derived hematopoietic stem cells (BMHSC) migration in the peripheral blood and liver in response to liver injury in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD).

METHODS:

In all, 45 CLD patients staged with Child-Pugh A, B and C and 15 healthy participants were evaluated for the concentration of circulating BMHSC by a flow cytometric analysis of CD133(+) /CD34(+) cells. In addition, homing BMHSC and hepatic progenitors were assessed by the immunohistochemical detection of CD133(+) and OV6(+) cells in liver biopsy specimens from Child-Pugh A and B patients.

RESULTS:

No significant difference in the percentage of circulating CD133(+) /CD34(+) cells was observed among all groups of patients. In liver tissues, OV6(+) cells increased significantly in Child-Pugh B cases (P < 0.05), while CD133(+) cells were distributed sparsely in the periportal region in Child-Pugh A and B patients. OV6(+) cells were significantly correlated with CD34(+) cells but not with CD133(+) cells in Child-Pugh A and B patients (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

Various degrees of severity in CLD neither evoked the mobilization of BMHSC into the circulation nor triggered their homing into liver tissue, thus excluding extrahepatic stem cell-mediated repair. The recovery process seems to be dependent on proliferating endogenous liver progenitors (OV6(+) cells).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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