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Am J Occup Ther. 2012 Nov-Dec;66(6):739-46. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2012.005553.

Development and validation of tools for evaluation of orthosis fabrication.

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Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.


This study is the first phase of research aimed at developing new educational approaches to enhance occupational therapy students' orthosis fabrication skills. Before the effectiveness of training can be determined, a method for evaluating performance must be established. Using the Delphi method, we developed a global rating scale and checklist for evaluating technical competence when fabricating metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint-stabilizing orthoses. To determine the reliability and validity of these tools, three evaluators used them to assess and score orthotic fabrication performance by experienced and student occupational therapists. The results suggest that these measurement tools are valid and reliable indicators of the technical skills involved in fabricating an MCP joint-stabilizing orthosis. Future studies should focus on building on these tools to evaluate communication skills, technical skills for making other types of orthoses, and effectiveness of training programs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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