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Acta Paediatr. 2013 Feb;102(2):187-92. doi: 10.1111/apa.12069. Epub 2012 Nov 27.

Incidence, clinical characteristics and outcome in Norwegian children with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis syndrome; a population-based study.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, Norway. fojo@sus.no

Abstract

AIM:

To describe the incidence, epidemiology, clinical presentation and clinical outcome of children with the syndrome of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) in a population-based study.

METHODS:

In a prospective population-based study, all children in South Rogaland, Norway, diagnosed with PFAPA during 2004-2010 were evaluated clinically, and parents were interviewed systematically. A follow-up interview was performed for all patients.

RESULTS:

A total of 46 children (32 boys; p = 0.011) were diagnosed with PFAPA. We calculated an incidence of 2.3 per 10 000 children up to 5 years of age. The median age of onset was 11.0 months (quartiles: 5.0, 14.8). Nearly 37 children were followed until resolution. In 17 of these, a tonsillectomy was performed with prompt resolution of PFAPA in all. The median age of spontaneous resolution was 60.2 months (range 24-120) and in children with tonsillectomy 50.9 months (range 15-128).

CONCLUSION:

The incidence of PFAPA was 2.3 per 10 000 children up to 5 years of age. In the majority of cases, onset of symptoms may be during the first year of life.

PMID:
23106338
DOI:
10.1111/apa.12069
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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