Send to

Choose Destination
J Med Chem. 2012 Nov 26;55(22):9817-30. doi: 10.1021/jm3010477. Epub 2012 Nov 12.

2-(3-Oxo-1,3-diphenylpropyl)malonic acids as potent allosteric ligands of the PIF pocket of phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1: development and prodrug concept.

Author information

Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Saarland University, Campus C2.3, D-66123 Saarbrücken, Germany.


The protein kinase C-related kinase 2 (PRK2)-interacting fragment (PIF) pocket of phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK1) was proposed as a novel target site for allosteric modulators. In the present work, we describe the design, synthesis, and structure-activity relationship of a series of 2-(3-oxo-1,3-diphenylpropyl)malonic acids as potent allosteric activators binding to the PIF pocket. Some congeners displayed AC(50) values for PDK1 activation in the submicromolar range. The potency of the best compounds to stabilize PDK1 in a thermal stability shift assay was in the same order of magnitude as that of the PIF pocket binding peptide PIFtide, suggesting comparable binding affinities to the PIF pocket. The crystal structure of PDK1 in complex with compound 4h revealed that additional ionic interactions are mainly responsible for the increased potency compared to the monocarboxylate analogues. Notably, several compounds displayed high selectivity for PDK1. Employing a prodrug strategy, we were able to corroborate the novel mechanism of action in cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center