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Child Dev. 2013 May-Jun;84(3):970-88. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12003. Epub 2012 Oct 25.

An implicit theories of personality intervention reduces adolescent aggression in response to victimization and exclusion.

Author information

1
University of Texas, Austin, TX, USA. yeager@psy.utexas.edu

Abstract

Adolescents are often resistant to interventions that reduce aggression in children. At the same time, they are developing stronger beliefs in the fixed nature of personal characteristics, particularly aggression. The present intervention addressed these beliefs. A randomized field experiment with a diverse sample of Grades 9 and 10 students (ages 14-16, n = 230) tested the impact of a 6-session intervention that taught an incremental theory (a belief in the potential for personal change). Compared to no-treatment and coping skills control groups, the incremental theory group behaved significantly less aggressively and more prosocially 1 month postintervention and exhibited fewer conduct problems 3 months postintervention. The incremental theory and the coping skills interventions also eliminated the association between peer victimization and depressive symptoms.

PMID:
23106262
PMCID:
PMC3660787
DOI:
10.1111/cdev.12003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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