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Indian J Clin Biochem. 2009 Apr;24(2):179-83. doi: 10.1007/s12291-009-0032-z. Epub 2009 Jul 9.

Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide administration alters antioxidant profile during hypercholesterolemia.

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1
Department of Physiology, University College of Science & Technology, University of Calcutta, 92, APC Road, Kolkata, 700009 West Bengal India.

Abstract

Pathogens, especially Gram-negative bacteria or bacterial endotoxin, along with other classical factors, may be involved in inflammatory response within the aortic endothelium during the progression of cardiovascular disease. Studies have shown that bacterial endotoxin activates various inflammatory processes in the body. Our study aims to establish a correlation between endotoxemia and vascular expression of antioxidant enzymes. Swiss albino mice (4 weeks old) were fed a high fat diet for 24 weeks and then were administered Escherichia coli endotoxin intraperitonealy, for 4 weeks. Tissue antioxidant enzymes, serum levels of IL-6 and TNF alpha were measured from the mice. We report that i.p. administration of endotoxin to hyperlipidemic mice resulted in elevation of superoxide dismutase and catalase enzymes, which was paralleled by a systemic reduction of serum cholesterol and LDL expression. Myeloperoxidase levels were also found to be elevated in aortic tissue, while an increase was also observed in the serum cytokine levels.

KEYWORDS:

Antioxidant enzymes; Aortic inflammation; Endotoxin; Hyperlipidemia

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