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Indian J Clin Biochem. 2008 Jul;23(3):267-71. doi: 10.1007/s12291-008-0060-0. Epub 2008 Oct 1.

Effect of anti-epileptic drugs in pregnancy and teratogenesis.

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1
Department of Biochemistry, Bangalore Medical College, Bangalore, 560 002 India.

Abstract

Epilepsy raises special concern in women during pregnancy. Antiepileptic drugs are known to induce major and minor malformations in the foetus. Aim of the study was to find an association between maternal serum alpha fetoprotein levels, foetal abnormalities and antiepileptic drugs mediated teratogenicity. Maternal serum alpha feto protein levels, kidney and liver function tests in age matched normal pregnant women and seizure free epileptic pregnant women during 12-14 weeks of gestation were estimated. Cases were subjected to ultrasonography at 11(th)-14(th) week of pregnancy and again at 20(th) week of pregnancy. maternal serum alfa feto protein was assayed by a specific Electro Chemiluminescence Immuno Assay test. There was no significant difference in kidney and liver function tests in cases as compared to controls. There were elevated levels of alpha feto protein in cases as compared to controls but this was not statistically significant. No anomalies were detected in ultrasound reports. Most women had normal full term delivery with healthy children but of low birth weight. No correlation was seen between maternal serum alfa feto protein levels and antiepileptic drug leading to teratogenesis.

KEYWORDS:

Alpha feto proteins; Antiepileptic drugs; Chemiluminescence; Teratogenic effects

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