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Clin Auton Res. 2013 Feb;23(1):57-65. doi: 10.1007/s10286-012-0179-1. Epub 2012 Oct 29.

High-intensity intermittent exercise and cardiovascular and autonomic function.

Author information

1
Faculty of Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. heydari.dvm@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The effect of 12 weeks of high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) on cardiac, vascular, and autonomic function of young males was examined.

METHODS:

Thirty-eight young men with a BMI of 28.7 ± 3.1 kg m(-2) and age 24.9 ± 4.3 years were randomly assigned to either an HIIE or control group. The exercise group underwent HIIE three times per week, 20 min per session, for 12 weeks. Aerobic power and a range of cardiac, vascular, and autonomic measures were recorded before and after the exercise intervention.

RESULTS:

The exercise, compared to the control group, recorded a significant reduction in heart rate accompanied by an increase in stroke volume. For the exercise group forearm vasodilatory capacity was significantly enhanced, P < 0.05. Arterial stiffness, determined by pulse wave velocity and augmentation index, was also significantly improved, after the 12-week intervention. For the exercise group, heart period variability (low- and high-frequency power) and baroreceptor sensitivity were significantly increased.

CONCLUSION:

High-intensity intermittent exercise induced significant cardiac, vascular, and autonomic improvements after 12 weeks of training.

PMID:
23104677
DOI:
10.1007/s10286-012-0179-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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