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Nat Chem Biol. 2012 Dec;8(12):999-1007. doi: 10.1038/nchembio.1105. Epub 2012 Oct 28.

DAGLβ inhibition perturbs a lipid network involved in macrophage inflammatory responses.

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The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA.


The endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) is biosynthesized by diacylglycerol lipases DAGLα and DAGLβ. Chemical probes to perturb DAGLs are needed to characterize endocannabinoid function in biological processes. Here we report a series of 1,2,3-triazole urea inhibitors, along with paired negative-control and activity-based probes, for the functional analysis of DAGLβ in living systems. Optimized inhibitors showed high selectivity for DAGLβ over other serine hydrolases, including DAGLα (∼60-fold selectivity), and the limited off-targets, such as ABHD6, were also inhibited by the negative-control probe. Using these agents and Daglb(-/-) mice, we show that DAGLβ inactivation lowers 2-AG, as well as arachidonic acid and eicosanoids, in mouse peritoneal macrophages in a manner that is distinct and complementary to disruption of cytosolic phospholipase-A2. We observed a corresponding reduction in lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor-α release. These findings indicate that DAGLβ is a key metabolic hub within a lipid network that regulates proinflammatory responses in macrophages.

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