Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Chem Biol. 2012 Dec;8(12):999-1007. doi: 10.1038/nchembio.1105. Epub 2012 Oct 28.

DAGLβ inhibition perturbs a lipid network involved in macrophage inflammatory responses.

Author information

1
The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA.

Abstract

The endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) is biosynthesized by diacylglycerol lipases DAGLα and DAGLβ. Chemical probes to perturb DAGLs are needed to characterize endocannabinoid function in biological processes. Here we report a series of 1,2,3-triazole urea inhibitors, along with paired negative-control and activity-based probes, for the functional analysis of DAGLβ in living systems. Optimized inhibitors showed high selectivity for DAGLβ over other serine hydrolases, including DAGLα (∼60-fold selectivity), and the limited off-targets, such as ABHD6, were also inhibited by the negative-control probe. Using these agents and Daglb(-/-) mice, we show that DAGLβ inactivation lowers 2-AG, as well as arachidonic acid and eicosanoids, in mouse peritoneal macrophages in a manner that is distinct and complementary to disruption of cytosolic phospholipase-A2. We observed a corresponding reduction in lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor-α release. These findings indicate that DAGLβ is a key metabolic hub within a lipid network that regulates proinflammatory responses in macrophages.

PMID:
23103940
PMCID:
PMC3513945
DOI:
10.1038/nchembio.1105
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication types, MeSH terms, Substances, Secondary source ID, Grant support

Publication types

MeSH terms

Substances

Secondary source ID

Grant support

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center