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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2013 Jan 1;304(1):H131-41. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00609.2012. Epub 2012 Oct 26.

Phosphodiesterase-3 inhibition augments the myocardial infarct size-limiting effects of exenatide in mice with type 2 diabetes.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA.


Glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 receptor activation increases intracellular cAMP with downstream activation of PKA. Cilostazol (CIL), a phosphodiesterase-3 inhibitor, prevents cAMP degradation. We assessed whether CIL amplifies the exenatide (EX)-induced increase in myocardial cAMP levels and PKA activity and augments the infarct size (IS)-limiting effects of EX in db/db mice. Mice fed a Western diet received oral CIL (10 mg/kg) or vehicle by oral gavage 24 h before surgery. One hour before surgery, mice received EX (1 μg/kg sc) or vehicle. Additional mice received H-89, a PKA inhibitor, alone or with CIL + EX. Mice underwent 30 min of coronary artery occlusion and 24 h of reperfusion. Both EX and CIL increased myocardial cAMP levels and PKA activity. Levels were significantly higher in the EX + CIL group. Both EX and CIL reduced IS. IS was the smallest in the CIL + EX group. H-89 completely blocked the IS-limiting effects of EX + CIL. EX + CIL decreased phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10 upregulation and increased Akt and ERK1/2 phosphorylation after ischemia-reperfusion. These effects were blocked by H-89. In conclusion, EX and CIL have additive effects on IS limitation in diabetic mice. The additive effects are related to cAMP-induced PKA activation, as H-89 blocked the protective effect of CIL + EX.

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