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Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Oct 12;109(15):152302. Epub 2012 Oct 9.

Measurement of direct photons in Au+Au collisions at √(s(NN))=200 GeV.

Afanasiev S1, Aidala C, Ajitanand NN, Akiba Y, Al-Jamel A, Alexander J, Aoki K, Aphecetche L, Armendariz R, Aronson SH, Averbeck R, Awes TC, Azmoun B, Babintsev V, Baldisseri A, Barish KN, Barnes PD, Bassalleck B, Bathe S, Batsouli S, Baublis V, Bauer F, Bazilevsky A, Belikov S, Bennett R, Berdnikov Y, Bjorndal MT, Boissevain JG, Borel H, Boyle K, Brooks ML, Brown DS, Bucher D, Buesching H, Bumazhnov V, Bunce G, Burward-Hoy JM, Butsyk S, Campbell S, Chai JS, Chernichenko S, Chi CY, Chiba J, Chiu M, Choi IJ, Chujo T, Cianciolo V, Cleven CR, Cobigo Y, Cole BA, Comets MP, Connors M, Constantin P, Csanád M, Csörgő T, Dahms T, Das K, David G, Delagrange H, Denisov A, d'Enterria D, Deshpande A, Desmond EJ, Dietzsch O, Dion A, Drachenberg JL, Drapier O, Drees A, Dubey AK, Durum A, Dzhordzhadze V, Efremenko YV, Egdemir J, Enokizono A, En'yo H, Espagnon B, Esumi S, Fields DE, Fleuret F, Fokin SL, Forestier B, Fraenkel Z, Frantz JE, Franz A, Frawley AD, Fukao Y, Fung SY, Gadrat S, Gastineau F, Germain M, Glenn A, Gonin M, Gosset J, Goto Y, Granier de Cassagnac R, Grau N, Greene SV, Grosse Perdekamp M, Gunji T, Gustafsson HÅ, Hachiya T, Hadj Henni A, Haggerty JS, Hagiwara MN, Hamagaki H, Harada H, Hartouni EP, Haruna K, Harvey M, Haslum E, Hasuko K, Hayano R, He X, Heffner M, Hemmick TK, Heuser JM, Hiejima H, Hill JC, Hobbs R, Holmes M, Holzmann W, Homma K, Hong B, Horaguchi T, Hur MG, Ichihara T, Iinuma H, Imai K, Imrek J, Inaba M, Isenhower D, Isenhower L, Ishihara M, Isobe T, Issah M, Isupov A, Jacak BV, Jia J, Jin J, Jinnouchi O, Johnson BM, Joo KS, Jouan D, Kajihara F, Kametani S, Kamihara N, Kaneta M, Kang JH, Kawagishi T, Kazantsev AV, Kelly S, Khanzadeev A, Kim DJ, Kim E, Kim YS, Kinney E, Kiss A, Kistenev E, Kiyomichi A, Klein-Boesing C, Kochenda L, Kochetkov V, Komkov B, Konno M, Kotchetkov D, Kozlov A, Kroon PJ, Kunde GJ, Kurihara N, Kurita K, Kweon MJ, Kwon Y, Kyle GS, Lacey R, Lajoie JG, Lebedev A, Le Bornec Y, Leckey S, Lee DM, Lee MK, Leitch MJ, Leite MA, Li XH, Lim H, Litvinenko A, Liu MX, Maguire CF, Makdisi YI, Malakhov A, Malik MD, Manko VI, Masui H, Matathias F, McCain MC, McGaughey PL, Miake Y, Miller TE, Milov A, Mioduszewski S, Mishra GC, Mitchell JT, Morrison DP, Moss JM, Moukhanova TV, Mukhopadhyay D, Murata J, Nagamiya S, Nagata Y, Nagle JL, Naglis M, Nakamura T, Newby J, Nguyen M, Norman BE, Nyanin AS, Nystrand J, O'Brien E, Ogilvie CA, Ohnishi H, Ojha ID, Okada K, Omiwade OO, Oskarsson A, Otterlund I, Ozawa K, Pak R, Pal D, Palounek AP, Pantuev V, Papavassiliou V, Park J, Park WJ, Pate SF, Pei H, Peng JC, Pereira H, Peresedov V, Peressounko DY, Pinkenburg C, Pisani RP, Purschke ML, Purwar AK, Qu H, Rak J, Ravinovich I, Read KF, Reuter M, Reygers K, Riabov V, Riabov Y, Roche G, Romana A, Rosati M, Rosendahl SS, Rosnet P, Rukoyatkin P, Rykov VL, Ryu SS, Sahlmueller B, Saito N, Sakaguchi T, Sakai S, Samsonov V, Sato HD, Sato S, Sawada S, Semenov V, Seto R, Sharma D, Shea TK, Shein I, Shibata TA, Shigaki K, Shimomura M, Shohjoh T, Shoji K, Sickles A, Silva CL, Silvermyr D, Sim KS, Singh CP, Singh V, Skutnik S, Smith WC, Soldatov A, Soltz RA, Sondheim WE, Sorensen SP, Sourikova IV, Staley F, Stankus PW, Stenlund E, Stepanov M, Ster A, Stoll SP, Sugitate T, Suire C, Sullivan JP, Sziklai J, Tabaru T, Takagi S, Takagui EM, Taketani A, Tanaka KH, Tanaka Y, Tanida K, Tannenbaum MJ, Taranenko A, Tarján P, Thomas TL, Togawa M, Tojo J, Torii H, Towell RS, Tram VN, Tserruya I, Tsuchimoto Y, Tuli SK, Tydesjö H, Tyurin N, Vale C, Valle H, van Hecke HW, Velkovska J, Vértesi R, Vinogradov AA, Vznuzdaev E, Wagner M, Wang XR, Watanabe Y, Wessels J, White SN, Willis N, Winter D, Woody CL, Wysocki M, Xie W, Yanovich A, Yokkaichi S, Young GR, Younus I, Yushmanov IE, Zajc WA, Zaudtke O, Zhang C, Zimányi J, Zolin L; PHENIX Collaboration.

Author information

1
Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia.

Abstract

We report the measurement of direct photons at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at √(s(NN))=200 GeV. The direct photon signal was extracted for the transverse momentum range of 4 GeV/c<p(T)<22 GeV/c, using a statistical method to subtract decay photons from the inclusive photon sample. The direct photon nuclear modification factor R(AA) was calculated as a function of p(T) for different Au+Au collision centralities using the measured p+p direct photon spectrum and compared to theoretical predictions. R(AA) was found to be consistent with unity for all centralities over the entire measured p(T) range. Theoretical models that account for modifications of initial direct photon production due to modified parton distribution functions in Au and the different isospin composition of the nuclei predict a modest change of R(AA) from unity. They are consistent with the data. Models with compensating effects of the quark-gluon plasma on high-energy photons, such as suppression of jet-fragmentation photons and induced-photon bremsstrahlung from partons traversing the medium, are also consistent with this measurement.

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