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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1990 Mar;277(2):268-76.

NADPH- and adriamycin-dependent microsomal release of iron and lipid peroxidation.

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Institute of General Pathology, Catholic University School of Medicine, Largo F. Vito 1, Rome, Italy.


In a previous study (Minotti, G., 1989, Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 268, 398-403) NADPH-supplemented microsomes were found to reduce adriamycin (ADR) to semiquinone free radical (ADR-.), which in turn autoxidized at the expense of oxygen to regenerate ADR and form O2-. Redox cycling of ADR was paralleled by reductive release of membrane-bound nonheme iron, as evidenced by mobilization of bathophenanthroline-chelatable Fe2+. In the present study, iron release was found to increase with concentration of ADR in a superoxide dismutase- and catalase-insensitive manner. This suggested that membrane-bound iron was reduced by ADR-. with negligible contribution by O2-. or interference by its dismutation product H2O2. Following release from microsomes, Fe2+ was reconverted to Fe3+ via two distinct mechanisms: (i) catalase-inhibitable oxidation by H2O2 and (ii) catalase-insensitive autoxidation at the expense of oxygen, which occurred upon chelation by ADR and increased with the ADR:Fe2+ molar ratio. Malondialdehyde formation, indicative of membrane lipid peroxidation, was observed when approximately 50% of Fe2+ was converted to Fe3+. This occurred in presence of catalase and low concentrations of ADR, which prevented Fe2+ oxidation and favored only partial Fe2+ autoxidation, respectively. Lipid peroxidation was inhibited by superoxide dismutase via increased formation of H2O2 from O2-. and excessive Fe2+ oxidation. Lipid peroxidation was also inhibited by high concentrations of ADR, which favored maximum Fe2+ release but also caused excessive Fe2+ autoxidation via formation of very high ADR:Fe2+ molar ratios. These results highlighted multiple and diverging effects of ADR, O2-., and H2O2 on iron release, iron (auto-)oxidation and lipid peroxidation. Stimulation of malondialdehyde formation by catalase suggested that lipid peroxidation was not promoted by reaction of Fe2+ with H2O2 and formation of hydroxyl radical. The requirement for both Fe2+ and Fe3+ was indicative of initiation by some type of Fe2+/Fe3+ complex.

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