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IET Syst Biol. 2012 Oct;6(5):187-95. doi: 10.1049/iet-syb.2011.0035.

Systemic modelling of human bioenergetics and blood circulation.

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Department of Medical IT Convergence Engineering, Kumoh Institute of Technology, Daehakro, Kumi, Gyengpook 730-701, Republic of Korea.


This work reviews the main aspects of human bioenergetics and the dynamics of the cardiovascular system, with emphasis on modelling their physiological characteristics. The methods used to study human bioenergetics and circulation dynamics, including the use of mathematical models, are summarised. The main characteristics of human bioenergetics, including mitochondrial metabolism and global energy balance, are first described, and the systemic aspects of blood circulation and related physiological issues are introduced. The authors also discuss the present status of studies of human bioenergetics and blood circulation. Then, the limitations of the existing studies are described in an effort to identify directions for future research towards integrated and comprehensive modelling. This review emphasises that a multi-scale and multi-physical approach to bioenergetics and blood circulation that considers multiple scales and physiological factors are necessary for the appropriate clinical application of computational models.

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