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Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2012 Nov;28(3):535-56. doi: 10.1016/j.cvfa.2012.07.003.

Clinical diagnosis of foot and leg lameness in cattle.

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Dairy Production Medicine, Lameness, Animal Welfare, Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA.


The causes of lameness in cattle are multifactorial and involve a combination of housing, management, and environmental factors and a variety of infectious agents. Arriving at a cause can often require concerted efforts. Diagnosis of lameness is often based mainly on clinical observations. A detailed record of those observations with time and among several animals within a herd can provide valuable information toward solving lameness problems. Advances in computer hardware and software help facilitate more detailed data collection and analysis.

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