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Hand Clin. 2012 Nov;28(4):587-93. doi: 10.1016/j.hcl.2012.08.014.

Advances in upper extremity prosthetics.

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Shriners Hospital for Children, Temple University School of Medicine, 3551 N. Broad St., Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA.


Until recently, upper extremity prostheses had changed little since World War II. In 2006, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency responded to an increasing number of military amputees with the Revolutionizing Prosthetics program. The program has yielded several breakthroughs both in the engineering of new prosthetic arms and in the control of those arms. Direct brain-wave control of a limb with 22° of freedom may be within reach. In the meantime, advances such as individually powered digits have opened the door to multifunctional full and partial hand prostheses. Restoring sensation to the prosthetic limb remains a major challenge to full integration of the limb into a patient's self-image.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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