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Indian J Microbiol. 2008 Mar;48(1):3-18. doi: 10.1007/s12088-008-0002-9. Epub 2008 May 1.

Pseudomonas sp. to Sphingobium indicum: a journey of microbial degradation and bioremediation of Hexachlorocyclohexane.

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1
Department of Zoology, University of Delhi, Delhi, 110 007 India.

Abstract

The unusual process of production of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) and extensive use of technical HCH and lindane has created a very serious problem of HCH contamination. While the use of technical HCH and lindane has been banned all over the world, India still continues producing lindane. Bacteria, especially Sphingomonads have been isolated that can degrade HCH isomers. Among all the bacterial strains isolated so far, Sphingobium indicum B90A that was isolated from HCH treated rhizosphere soil appears to have a better potential for HCH degradation. This conclusion is based on studies on the organization of lin genes and degradation ability of B90A. This strain perhaps can be used for HCH decontamination through bioaugmentation.

KEYWORDS:

Bioremediation; HCH; Sphingobium indicum B90A

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