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J Orthop Trauma. 2012 Nov;26(11):648-51. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0b013e31824a3bb5.

Outcomes after knee joint extensor mechanism disruptions: is it better to fracture the patella or rupture the tendon?

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, NY 10016, USA. nirmal.tejwani@nyumc.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to compare the outcome after the operative treatment of patella fractures (PFs) as compared with those of quadriceps tendon and patella tendon (PT) ruptures.

DESIGN:

This pertains to a retrospective case control.

SETTING:

The setting was in academic teaching hospitals.

PATIENTS:

Ninety-four patients with 99 extensor mechanism disruptions were treated operatively. Of these, 50 (50%) were PFs; 36 (37%) were quadriceps ruptures; and 13 (13%) were PT ruptures.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The patients were evaluated at 6 and 12 months and were tested for range of motion, quadriceps circumference and strength, SF36, Lysholm, and Tegner outcome scores by independent observers. Radiographs of the knee were obtained to assess bony healing, posttraumatic arthritis, and heterotopic ossification.

RESULTS:

A minimum of 12-month follow-up (range 12-81 months) was available for 76 patients (77%). PFs were seen more commonly in women (P < 0.001) and PT ruptures tended to occur in younger males (P < 0.001), with no difference in the body mass index. Thigh circumference was significantly smaller than normal in PFs at 1 year as compared with tendon injuries. At latest follow-up, there were no significant differences noted with respect to knee range of motion, radiographic arthritis, Tegner, Lysholm, or SF36 scores.

CONCLUSIONS:

There were no significant differences with regard to outcome in patients sustaining these injuries.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

PMID:
23100078
DOI:
10.1097/BOT.0b013e31824a3bb5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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