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J Pediatr Health Care. 2012 Nov-Dec;26(6):451-61; quiz 462-4. doi: 10.1016/j.pedhc.2012.05.004.

Advancements in the treatment of head lice in pediatrics.

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1
New Hanover Regional Medical Center, Wilmington, NC 28401-7407, USA. rxtine@gmail.com

Abstract

Head lice infestations occur commonly each year in children of all socioeconomic statuses. However, head lice have become more of a nuisance as resistance to first-line agents, such as permethrin 1% and pyrethrins, has increased. Newer topical products provide unique mechanisms of action without current signs of resistance. As with older agents, proper application of products must be emphasized to ensure that treatment is effective. In addition, nonpharmacologic measures should be taken to avoid reinfestation in the patient and to prevent the spread of lice to close personal contacts.

PMID:
23099312
DOI:
10.1016/j.pedhc.2012.05.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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