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Am J Cardiol. 1990 Mar 1;65(9):628-32.

Electrophysiologic effects and efficacy of cibenzoline on stimulation-induced atrial fibrillation and flutter and implications for treatment of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.

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Medizinische Klinik Abteilung III, Eberhard-Karls-Universität, Tübingen, West Germany.


The effects of intravenous cibenzoline (1.5 mg/kg) on atrial vulnerability and electrophysiology were assessed in 25 patients with documented paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF), in whom sustained (greater than 30 seconds) AF was induced by atrial stimulation with up to 2 extrastimuli and paced rates between 100 and 180 beats/min. In 7 patients AF persisted despite the application of cibenzoline, and in 8 patients the induction of sustained AF was prevented by cibenzoline. Intraatrial conduction time, flutter cycle length and shortest ventricular cycle length during AF were increased by cibenzoline (p less than or equal to 0.01). Sinus cycle length was decreased (p less than or equal to 0.05), whereas sinus node recovery time remained unchanged. The effective refractory period of the right atrium was not significantly affected. Eight patients with frequent episodes of paroxysmal AF received oral cibenzoline for control of paroxysmal AF irrespective of the efficacy of intravenous cibenzoline. Prevention of stimulation-induced AF predicted successful treatment of paroxysmal AF (p = 0.018). Cibenzoline could be effective in the treatment of atrial arrhythmias, and selection of an antiarrhythmic therapy for recurrent AF seems to be useful.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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