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Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci. 2013 Jun;22(2):187-94. doi: 10.1017/S2045796012000522. Epub 2012 Sep 19.

Validation of the Italian version of the Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST) for bipolar disorder.

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Laboratory of Epidemiology and Social Psychiatry, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy.



The Functioning Assessment Short Test (FAST) is a useful instrument for the assessment of overall functioning of people with bipolar disorder, showing good psychometric properties. The aim of this study is to validate the Italian version of FAST.


Translation and back-translation of the original FAST Spanish version were performed. Participants with bipolar disorder (n = 132) and healthy controls (n = 132) completed the FAST as a part of an assessment package including the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale and the Young Mania Rating Scale. Internal consistency, inter-rater reliability, construct and discriminant validity were assessed.


The FAST Italian version showed good internal consistency, inter-rater reliability and discriminant validity. The cut-off discriminating patients from controls was 15, with a sensitivity of 0.79 and a specificity of 0.80. Principal component analysis with oblique rotation showed factor loadings consistent with the a priori structure of the instrument.


This study confirmed the psychometric properties of FAST and extended its generalization and validity to the Italian population.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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