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Int J Infect Dis. 2013 Feb;17(2):e93-e100. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2012.08.005. Epub 2012 Oct 22.

High vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentration and clinical outcomes in adults with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections: a meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Division of Infectious Diseases, Emory University School of Medicine, Orr Building, Suite 1020, 550 Peachtree Street NE, Atlanta, GA 30308, USA. jtjacob@emory.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections caused by isolates with a high but 'susceptible' minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) to vancomycin may suffer poor outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine the association of high compared to low vancomycin MICs and clinical outcomes (treatment failure and mortality) in patients with MRSA infections.

METHODS:

PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and electronic abstracts from meetings were queried from January 2000 to July 2010. Two reviewers independently screened titles and abstracts of studies evaluating outcomes of patients with MRSA infections, using broth microdilution (BMD) or the Etest to determine MIC, for full-text review. Patients participating in included studies were classified into two mutually exclusive groups: high MIC or low MIC. High MIC was defined as MIC ≥1mg/l by BMD or ≥1.5mg/l by Etest. Study-defined failure and mortality were assessed in each group.

RESULTS:

Fourteen publications and six electronic abstracts met the inclusion criteria, with 2439 patients (1492 high MIC and 947 low MIC). There was no evidence of publication bias or heterogeneity. An increased risk of failure was observed in the high MIC group compared to the low MIC group (summary risk ratio (RR) 1.40, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15-1.71). The overall mortality risk was greater in the high MIC group than in the low MIC group (summary RR 1.42, 95% CI 1.08-1.87). Sensitivity analyses showed similar findings for failure (summary RR 1.37, 95% CI 1.09-1.73) and mortality (summary RR 1.46, 95% CI 1.06-2.01) for patients with bacteremia. The study quality was poor-to-moderate, and study-defined endpoints were variable.

CONCLUSIONS:

A susceptible but high MIC to vancomycin is associated with increased mortality and treatment failure among patients with MRSA infections.

PMID:
23089040
PMCID:
PMC3780595
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijid.2012.08.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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