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Eur J Med Chem. 2012 Dec;58:50-63. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2012.09.042. Epub 2012 Oct 4.

⁹⁹mTc/Re complexes bearing bisnitroimidazole or mononitroimidazole as potential bioreductive markers for tumor: synthesis, physicochemical characterization and biological evaluation.

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  • 1Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Radiochemistry and Radiation Chemistry Key Laboratory of Fundamental Science, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, PR China.

Abstract

Four monoamine-monoamide dithiol (MAMA) ligands containing two or one nitroimidazole moieties were synthesized and labeled with (99m)Tc (labeling yield > 95%). The proposed structures of (99m)Tc-complexes are identified by comparison with analogous Re-MAMA complexes. (99m)Tc-MAMA complexes show better physicochemical characters than (99m)TcO-(PnAO-1-(2-nitroimidazole)). Reduction potentials of nitro groups of the rhenium complexes are within the range for bioreductive compounds. As expected, biodistribution studies demonstrate that the 2-nitroimidazole complex shows better tumor-to-tissue ratios than 4-nitroimidazole analog for mononitroimidazole complexes, but not for MAMA-bisnitroimidazoles due to higher lipophilicity. Both the bisnitroimidazole compounds show rapider excretion, lower background activity in liver and higher tumor-to-tissue ratios than the mononitroimidazoles. Better biodistribution characteristic makes both the MAMA-bisnitroimidazole complexes, especially (99m)Tc-15, be potential tumor hypoxia marker.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

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