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J Feline Med Surg. 2012 Nov;14(11):785-93. doi: 10.1177/1098612X12464460.

Feline acute kidney injury: 2. Approach to diagnosis, treatment and prognosis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medical Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. KMonaghan@svm.vetmed.wisc.edu

Abstract

PRACTICAL RELEVANCE:

Feline acute kidney injury (AKI) is a commonly recognized problem in small animal practice that requires prompt diagnosis and directed therapy. There are many treatment methods with which practitioners should be familiar, including medical options, surgical interventions and renal replacement therapy (dialysis). It is important to know which option is most appropriate for each cause and stage of AKI to deliver the most effective therapy.

CLINICAL CHALLENGES:

AKI can cause vague clinical signs, but a vast array of life-threatening sequelae. Rapid recognition of potential complications and knowledge of treatment options is imperative for successful management. Feline patients also require an understanding of their unique physiology as it relates to the therapeutic plan.

AUDIENCE:

This two-part review article is directed at small animal practitioners as well as specialists. Part 2 discusses the diagnosis of AKI in cats using physical examination findings, clinicopathologic results and imaging modalities. The treatment of AKI and its sequelae is also reviewed, with information on recent advances in this area.

EVIDENCE BASE:

While there is very limited data comparing the outcomes of various treatment options, there is literature addressing the use of several medications, as well as renal replacement therapy, in cats.

PMID:
23087004
DOI:
10.1177/1098612X12464460
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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