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Microbes Infect. 2013 Mar;15(3):172-80. doi: 10.1016/j.micinf.2012.10.001. Epub 2012 Oct 18.

Surface-associated GroEL facilitates the adhesion of Escherichia coli to macrophages through lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, Shanghai Medical School, Fudan University, and Department of Thoracic Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai 200032, PR China.

Abstract

The Escherichia coli homolog of GroEL, a 60 kDa heat shock protein (HSP), is a dominant protein produced not only in response to heat stress but also under in vitro growth condition. Beside its traditional cytoplasmic location, the surface exposures of GroEL have been observed in many pathogenic bacteria. To investigate the role of the surface-associated GroEL in the binding of E. coli to macrophages, we constructed a new strain of E. coli displaying GroEL on the outer membrane. We found that surface-associated GroEL increases the clearance ratio of E. coli by macrophages. It has been previously demonstrated that lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is the receptor for Hsp60 from different species. Our present results showed that GroEL on E. coli was recognized by LOX-1 on macrophages, leading to the phagocytosis of pathogen by macrophages. In addition, surface-associated GroEL made mice more susceptible to E. coli-induced peritonitis. These findings add to the research that clarifies the factors mediating bacterial adherence to host cells. Our results suggest that GroEL is a novel therapeutic target for modulating the immune response in infectious and inflammatory conditions.

PMID:
23085345
DOI:
10.1016/j.micinf.2012.10.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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