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Rev Esp Med Nucl Imagen Mol. 2012 Nov-Dec;31(6):308-14. doi: 10.1016/j.remn.2011.12.001. Epub 2012 Mar 19.

18F-FDG semi-quantitative parameters and biological prognostic factors in locally advanced breast cancer.

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Nuclear Medicine Department, University General Hospital, Ciudad Real, Spain.



To analyse the correlation between (18)F-FDG uptake assessed by PET/CT in locally advanced breast tumours and histopathological and immunohistochemical prognostic factors.


Thirty-six women with breast cancer were prospectively evaluated. PET/CT was requested in the initial staging previous to adjuvant chemotherapy (multicentric study). All the patients underwent an (18)F-FDG PET/CT with a dual-time-point acquisition. Both examinations were evaluated qualitatively and semiquantitatively with calculation of SUVmax values in PET-1 (SUV-1) and in PET-2 (SUV-2) and the percentage variation of the standard uptake values (retention index) between PET-1 and PET-2. Clinical and metabolic stages were assessed according to TNM classification. The biological prognostic parameters, such as the steroid receptor status, p53 and c-erbB-2 expression, proliferation rate (Ki-67), and grading were determined from tissue of the primary tumour. Metabolic and biological parameters were correlated.


A positive relationship was found between semiquantitative metabolic parameters and biological parameters. SUV-1 and SUV-2 values did not show significant statistical correlation (p<.05) except for the clinical tumour size. About the biological parameters, retention index showed the best results with positive and significant relation (p<.05) with estrogen and progesterone receptor status and Ki-67. Isolated SUV values did not show significant relation to these parameters.


Retention index showed the best relation with biological parameters compared to isolated SUVmax values. These data suggest that SUV change over time is a prognostic marker.

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