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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2012 Nov;4(11):6085-95. doi: 10.1021/am301721h. Epub 2012 Oct 30.

CdS-decorated ZnO nanorod heterostructures for improved hybrid photovoltaic devices.

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Advanced Technology Development Centre, IIT Kharagpur 721302, India.


Cadmium sulfide (CdS)-decorated zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorod heterostructures have been grown by a combination of hydrothermal and pulsed laser deposition techniques. Hybrid photovoltaic devices have been fabricated with CdS modified and unmodified ZnO nanorods blended separately with regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) polymer as the active layer. The solar cell performance has been studied as a function of ZnO concentration and the casting solvent (chlorobenzene, chloroform, and toluene) in the unmodified ZnO:P3HT devices. The power conversion efficiency is found to be enhanced with the increase of ZnO concentration up to a certain limit, and decreases at a very high concentration. The surface modification of ZnO nanorods with CdS leads to an increase in the open circuit voltage and short-circuit current, with enhanced efficiency by 300% over the unmodified ZnO:P3HT device, because of the cascaded band structure favoring charge transfer to the external circuit.

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