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J Zoo Wildl Med. 2012 Sep;43(3):522-9.

Ultrasonographic abdominal anatomy of healthy captive caracals (Caracal caracal).

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Department of Anatomy and Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa.


Abdominal ultrasonography was performed in six adult captive caracals (Caracal caracal) to describe the normal abdominal ultrasonographic anatomy. Consistently, the splenic parenchyma was hyperechoic to the liver and kidneys. The relative echogenicity of the right kidney's cortex was inconsistent to the liver. The gall bladder was prominent in five animals and surrounded by a clearly visualized thin, smooth, regular echogenic wall. The wall thickness of the duodenum measured significantly greater compared with that of the jejunum and colon. The duodenum had a significantly thicker mucosal layer compared with that of the stomach. Such knowledge of the normal abdominal ultrasonographic anatomy of individual species is important for accurate diagnosis and interpretation of routine health examinations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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