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J Mol Biol. 1990 Feb 5;211(3):505-13.

Heterogenic mRNAs with an identical protein-coding region of the human embryonic myosin alkali light chain in skeletal muscle cells.

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  • 1Institut für Genetik, Forschungszentrum, Köln, FRG.


The formation of human myotubes in culture is accompanied by the induction of developmentally regulated, muscle-specific genes. We have studied the expression of human myosin light chain proteins and mRNAs during myogenesis in culture, in particular the skeletal embryonic myosin light chain 1 (MC1emb), which is indistinguishable from MLC1 of adult atrial cardiac muscle (MLC1A) as has been shown for rodent and bovine MLC1emb. We have identified distinct MLC1emb/MLC1A mRNAs in cultured human skeletal muscle cells that differ in their 5' and 3' untranslated regions but contain identical protein-coding regions. The alternative 3' untranslated region is detectable also in RNA of human atria. The different MLC1emb RNAs are likely to be encoded by one gene. It appears that the two MLC1emb 5' untranslated regions of the human gene are specific for man. In the mouse, only one 5' untranslated region of the MLC1emb gene has been detected.

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