Send to

Choose Destination
Adv Skin Wound Care. 2012 Nov;25(11):519-24; quiz 525-6. doi: 10.1097/01.ASW.0000422625.17407.93.

Shear-reducing insoles to prevent foot ulceration in high-risk diabetic patients.

Author information

Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, TX, USA.



To enhance the learner's competence with knowledge of the effectiveness of shear-reducing insoles for prevention of foot ulceration in patients with high-risk diabetes.


This continuing education activity is intended for physicians and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care.


After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1. Demonstrate knowledge of foot ulceration risk, risk factors, incidence, and prevention.2. Apply knowledge gained from reviewing this study and a literature review about the use of shear-reducing insoles to patient scenarios.


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a shear-reducing insole compared with a standard insole design to prevent foot ulceration in high-risk patients with diabetes.


A total of 299 patients with diabetic neuropathy and loss of protective sensation, foot deformity, or history of foot ulceration were randomized into a standard therapy group (n = 150) or a shear-reducing insole group (n = 149). Patients were evaluated for 18 months. Standard therapy group consisted of therapeutic footwear, diabetic foot education, and regular foot evaluation by a podiatrist. The shear-reducing insole group included a novel insole designed to reduce both pressure and shear on the sole of the foot. Insoles were replaced every 4 months in both groups. The primary clinical outcome was foot ulceration. The authors used Cox proportional hazards regression to evaluate time to ulceration.


There were 2 significant factors from the Cox regression model: insole treatment and history of a foot complication. The standard therapy group was about 3.5 times more likely to develop an ulcer compared with shear-reducing insole group (hazard ratio, 3.47; 95% confidence interval, 0.96-12.67).


These results suggest that a shear-reducing insole is more effective than traditional insoles to prevent foot ulcers in high-risk persons with diabetes.


[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center