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Exp Dermatol. 2012 Oct;21(10):751-7. doi: 10.1111/exd.12002.

Ligand activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta suppresses cathepsin B expression in human endothelial cells in a posttranslational manner.

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Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.


Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) delta agonists are known to have distinct anti-inflammatory and antitumor effects; though, the knowledge regarding their mode of action has thus far been limited. Different cathepsins have been shown to be upregulated in a broad range of pathological events, such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, atherosclerosis and diverse tumor entities, for example melanoma. Recent work demonstrated that cathepsin B in particular is an important pro-angiogenic protease in various pathological conditions. We therefore analysed whether cathepsins are a valid target for PPARδ agonists. This study reveals an inhibitory effect of two commonly used PPARδ agonists, GW501516 and L-165,041, on the protein expression and enzyme activity of cathepsin B in human endothelial cells. In contrast, no inhibitory effects were observed on cathepsin L and cathepsin D protein expression after treatment with PPARδ agonists. Furthermore, the results substantiate that PPARδ activators mediate their inhibitory action in a PPARδ-dependent manner and that the underlying regulatory mechanism is not based on a transcriptional but rather on a posttranslational mode of action, via the reduction in the cathepsin B protein half-life. Mechanisms conveying the suppressive effect by 5'-alternative splicing, a 3'-UTR-dependent way or by miRNA could be excluded. The data of this study explore cathepsin B as a new valid target for PPARδ agonists in endothelial cells. The results bolster other studies demonstrating PPARδ agonists as anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic agents and thus might have the potential to help to develop new pharmaceutical drugs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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