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Int J Immunogenet. 2013 Jun;40(3):216-21. doi: 10.1111/iji.12002. Epub 2012 Oct 18.

TNF promoter SNP variation in Amerindians and white-admixed women from Misiones, Argentina.

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Laboratorio de Biología Molecular Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Quimicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Misiones, Misiones, Argentina.


The aim of this study is to describe genetic variation in the TNF promoter in the ethnically diverse population of Misiones, north-eastern Argentina. We analysed 210 women including 66 Amerindians of the Mbya-Guarani ethnic group and 144 white-admixed individuals from urban and rural areas of Misiones. Their DNA samples were surveyed for TNF polymorphisms -376 A/G, -308 A/G -244 A/G and -238 A/G by PCR amplification and direct sequencing and for the Amerindian marker -857 C/T by real-time PCR. Our main findings are as follows:(i) a distinctive pattern of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) distribution among these groups, (ii) genetic differentiation between the Mbya-Guarani and the white-admixed populations (P < 0.05), (iii) lower gene diversity (~0.05) in Mbya-Guarani compared with the white-admixed group (~0.21); and (iv) linkage disequilibrium between the -376A and -238A SNPs in white-admixed populations. These data highlight the principal role of population history in establishing present-day genetic variation at the TNF locus and provide a framework for undertaking ethnographic and disease association studies in Misiones.

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