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PLoS One. 2012;7(10):e47617. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047617. Epub 2012 Oct 12.

TRPM2 cation channels modulate T cell effector functions and contribute to autoimmune CNS inflammation.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology-Inflammatory Disorders of the Nervous System and Neurooncology, University of Münster, Münster, Germany. nico.melzer@ukmuenster.de

Abstract

TRPM2, a highly Ca(2+)-permeable member of the transient receptor potential melastatin-related (TRPM) family of cation channels, is expressed in cells of the immune system. We demonstrate firstly that TRPM2 cation channels on T cells critically influence T cell proliferation and proinflammatory cytokine secretion following polyclonal T cell receptor stimulation. Consistently, trpm2-deficient mice exhibited an attenuated clincal phenotype of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) with reduced inflammatory and demyelinating spinal cord lesions. Importantly, trmp2-deficient T cells were as susceptible as wildtype T cells to oxidative stress-induced cell death as it occurs in inflammatory CNS lesions. This supports the notion that the attenuated EAE phenotype is mainly due to reduced T cell effector functions but unaffected by potential modulation of T cell survival at the site of inflammation. Our findings suggest TRPM2 cation channels as a potential target for treating autoimmune CNS inflammation.

PMID:
23077651
PMCID:
PMC3470594
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0047617
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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