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Hum Mol Genet. 2013 Feb 1;22(3):452-65. doi: 10.1093/hmg/dds441. Epub 2012 Oct 16.

Hip14l-deficient mice develop neuropathological and behavioural features of Huntington disease.

Author information

1
Centre for Molecular Medicine and Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V5Z 4H4, Canada.

Abstract

Palmitoylation, the dynamic post-translational addition of the lipid, palmitate, to proteins by Asp-His-His-Cys-containing palmitoyl acyltransferase (PAT) enzymes, modulates protein function and localization and plays a key role in the nervous system. Huntingtin-interacting protein 14 (HIP14), a well-characterized neuronal PAT, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Huntington disease (HD), a fatal neurodegenerative disease associated with motor, psychiatric and cognitive symptoms, caused by a CAG expansion in the huntingtin gene (HTT). Mice deficient for Hip14 expression develop neuropathological and behavioural features similar to HD, and the catalytic activity of HIP14 is impaired in HD mice, most likely due to the reduced interaction of HIP14 with HTT. Huntingtin-interacting protein 14-like (HIP14L) is a paralog of HIP14, with identical domain structure. Together, HIP14 and HIP14L are the major PATs for HTT. Here, we report the characterization of a Hip14l-deficient mouse model, which develops adult-onset, widespread and progressive neuropathology accompanied by early motor deficits in climbing, impaired motor learning and reduced palmitoylation of a novel HIP14L substrate: SNAP25. Although the phenotype resembles that of the Hip14(-/-) mice, a more progressive phenotype, similar to that of the YAC128 transgenic mouse model of HD, is observed. In addition, HIP14L interacts less with mutant HTT than the wild-type protein, suggesting that reduced HIP14L-dependent palmitoylation of neuronal substrates may contribute to the pathogenesis of HD. Thus, both HIP14 and HIP14L may be dysfunctional in the disease.

PMID:
23077216
DOI:
10.1093/hmg/dds441
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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